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Reviews Views Date of last review
1 17594 Mon January 29, 2007
Recommended By Average Price Average Rating
No recommendations None indicated None indicated

Description: Feeding guideline:
A 50lb dog should be fed 2 3/4 cups

Metabolized Energy
437 kcal/cup

Chicken, chicken by-product meal, corn meal, fish meal, poultry fat preserved with mixed tocopherols (source of vitamin E), brewers rice, corn gluten meal, ground whole grain barley, dried beet pulp, vegetable oil, natural poultry flavor, potassium chloride, dried egg product, brewers dried yeast, salt, inulin, choline chloride, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, vitamin E supplement, zinc oxide, zinc proteinate, copper sulfate, vitamin B12 supplement, niacin, biotin, vitamin A acetate, manganese proteinate, taurine, copper proteinate, calcium pantothenate, thiamine mononitrate (source of vitamin B1), calcium iodate, sodium selenite, pyridoxine hydrochloride (source of vitamin B6), menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin K activity), riboflavin supplement (source of vitamin B2), vitamin D3 supplement, cobalt carbonate, folic acid.

Guaranteed Analysis:
Crude Protein, not less than 31.0%
Crude Fat, not less than 21.0%
Crude Fiber, not more than 3.0%
Moisture, not more than 12.0%
Calcium (Ca), not less than 1.0%
Phosphorus (P), not less than 0.9%
Omega-6 Fatty Acids, not less than 3.0%*
Omega-3 Fatty Acids, not less than 0.3%*

*Not recognized as an essential nutrient by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profile.


Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3953
Review Date: Mon January 29, 2007 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

Pros: First ingredient is a named meat product.
Cons: Insufficient meat content, use of by-products, fat of unidentifiable origin, low quality grains and other controversial filler.

The first ingredient in the food is a named meat product. This is chicken, inclusive of its water content. Once that is removed, as it must be to create a dry food, the ingredient will weigh around 20% of its wet weight. It is thus unlikely that this is the true first ingredient in the food, but would be more accurately placed much further down the ingredient list. It is followed by chicken by-product meal - a very low quality ingredient. This is defined as "consisting of the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered chicken, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs and intestines, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidable in good processing practice".

The next ingredient is corn.Corn is a difficult to digest grain, which limits its nutritional value for dogs. We consider this to be a low quality ingredient. It is also commonly associated with allergy and skin problems. We prefer not to see the use of this grain in dog food. Corn appears a second time on the ingredient list as corn gluten meal. This is the "dried residue from corn after the removal of the larger part of the starch and germ, and the separation of the bran by the process employed in the wet milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup, or by enzymatic treatment of the endosperm". In plain English, that which remains after all the nutritious bits have been removed.

Fish meal, the fourth ingredient is the first and sole true meat ingredient in the food. We find no sign on the manufacturer site of a guarantee that this ingredient is free of ethoxyquin (ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative commonly added to fish ingredients, and which is banned from use in human food due to the belief that it is carcinogenic).

Poultry fat is a low quality ingredient rarely found in anything but very low quality foods. Poultry fat is an ingredient of unidentified origin for which it is impossible to determine source or quality. Unidentified ingredients are usually very low quality. AAFCO define this as obtained from the tissues of poultry in the commercial processes of rendering or extracting. It consists predominantly of glyceride esters of fatty acids and contains no additions of free fatty acids. If an antioxidant is used, the common name or names must be indicated, followed by the words "used as a preservative"

Brewers rice is a further low quality ingredient and by-product. Barley is a decent quality grain.

Beet pulp is another low quality ingredient and filler. It is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required.

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