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Reviews Views Date of last review
1 9792 Mon January 29, 2007
Recommended By Average Price Average Rating
No recommendations None indicated None indicated
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Description: Metabolized Energy
431 kcal/cup


Ingredients:
Meat Meal, Corn Meal, Poultry Fat (Preserved with BHA, Citric Acid and Mixed Tocopherols-Source of Vitamin E), Ground Wheat, Brewer’s Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Chicken By-product Meal, Dried Beet Pulp, Natural Poultry Flavoring, Potassium Chloride, Ground Flaxseed, Fish Meal, Salt, Brewer’s Dried Yeast, Choline Chloride, L-lysine, L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (Source of Vitamin C Activity), Zinc Sulfate, Ferrous Sulfate, Vitamin E Supplement, Zinc Oxide, Manganous Oxide, Copper Sulfate, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Niacin, Biotin, Vitamin A Acetate, Calcium Pantothenate, Thiamine Mononitrate (Vitamin B1), Calcium lodate, Sodium Selenite, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Menadione Sodium Bisulfate Complex (Vitamin K), Riboflavin Supplement (Vitamin B2), Vitamin D3 Supplement, Cobalt Carbonate and Folic Acid.


Guaranteed Analysis:
Moisture, maximum 12.0%
Crude Protein, minimum 24.0%
Crude Fat, minimum 20.0%
Crude Fiber, maximum 3.5%



Editors

Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3953
Review Date: Mon January 29, 2007 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

 
Pros:
Cons: Insufficient meat content, use of meat and fat of unidentifiable origin, by-products, carcinogenic chemical preservatives, low quality grains and other controversial filler.

The sole meat product in the food is "meat" meal, heading the ingredient list. This is an extremely low quality product of unidentifiable origin and something we would go to great lengths to avoid in any dog food. It is defined as "the rendered product from mammal tissues, exclusive of blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents except in such amounts as may occur unavoidably in good processing practices".


The grain content is similarly low quality. Corn is a difficult to digest grain, which limits its nutritional value for dogs. We consider this to be a low quality ingredient. It is also commonly associated with allergy and skin problems.


Poultry fat is a further low quality ingredient rarely found in anything but very low quality foods. Poultry fat is an ingredient of unidentified origin for which it is impossible to determine source or quality. Unidentified ingredients are usually very low quality. AAFCO define this as obtained from the tissues of poultry in the commercial processes of rendering or extracting. It consists predominantly of glyceride esters of fatty acids and contains no additions of free fatty acids. If an antioxidant is used, the common name or names must be indicated, followed by the words "used as a preservative". In this instance, the preservative used is a chemical BHA that is widely believed to be carcinogenic.


It is a concern to see the fat ingredient is the third ingredient in the food. Research at Purdue University has identified a fat in the top four ingredients of dry food as a factor increasing the risk of bloat in large breed dogs.


Corn appears a second time on the ingredient list as corn gluten meal. This is the "dried residue from corn after the removal of the larger part of the starch and germ, and the separation of the bran by the process employed in the wet milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup, or by enzymatic treatment of the endosperm". In plain English, that which remains after all the nutritious bits have been removed. Wheat is a grain very commonly associated with allergy problems that we prefer not to see used, and in this form is filler. Brewers rice is a by-product. We prefer not to see the use of these grains in dog food.


This food includes by-products. Chicken by-product meal - a very low quality ingredient. This is defined as "consisting of the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered chicken, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs and intestines, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidable in good processing practice".


Beet pulp is another low quality ingredient and filler. It is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required.


Fish meal, the 12th ingredient is a further meat ingredient in the food. It is far too far down the ingredient list to make any substantive contribution to overall meat content. We find no sign on the manufacturer site of a guarantee that this ingredient is free of ethoxyquin (ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative commonly added to fish ingredients, and which is banned from use in human food due to the belief that it is carcinogenic).


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