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1 14925 Wed January 9, 2008
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Description: INGREDIENTS:
Poultry by-product meal, ground yellow corn, ground whole wheat, chicken fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and ascorbyl palmitate), beet pulp, fish meal, corn gluten meal, dried egg product, natural chicken flavor, dried whey, brewers dried yeast, dried cheese, lecithin, potassium chloride, dicalcium phosphate, salt, vitamin A acetate, vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin E supplement, vitamin B12 supplement, riboflavin supplement, DL-methionine, niacin, calcium pantothenate, choline chloride, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin K activity), folic acid, biotin, thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, sodium selenite, calcium iodate, ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate, copper sulfate.


Vitamins:
Choline 2916.99 mg/kg
Riboflavin (B2) 14.35 mg/kg
Thiamine (B1) 8.00 mg/kg
Niacin (B5) 82.78 mg/kg
Pyridoxine (B6) 16.21 mg/kg
Folic Acid 0.99 mg/kg
Pantothenic Acid (B3) 21.15 mg/kg
Biotin (H) 0.22 mg/kg
Cobalamine (B12) 44.10 mcg/kg
Vitamin A 20,683 IU/kg
Vitamin C 54.77 mg/kg
Vitamin D 2205 IU/kg
Vitamin E 96.53 mg/kg
Vitamin K 0.88 mg/kg


Minerals:
Calcium 1.43%
Phosphorous 1.04%
Magnesium 0.13%
Sodium 0.39%
Potassium 0.61%
Chloride 0.00%
Iron 315.43 mg/kg
Zinc 253.77 mg/kg
Iodine 2.49 mg/kg
Copper 16.09 mg/kg
Manganese 48.33 mg/kg
Selenium 0.42 mg/kg

Guaranteed Analysis:
Crude Protein 29.00% (min)
Crude Fat 19.00% (min)
Crude Fiber 3.50% (max)
Moisture 10.00% (max)
Ash 7.00% (max)



Editors

Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3953
Review Date: Wed January 9, 2008 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

 
Pros:
Cons: Byproducts, controversial filler

The first ingredient in this food is by-products. By-products are a very low quality ingredient, in this case not even identifiable by species-source. We prefer to avoid foods comprised of such low grade ingredients. AAFCO define poultry by-product meal as consisting of the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered poultry, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs, intestines, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidably in good processing practices. The sole named meat ingredient in the food is fish meal, 6th on the ingredient list. We find no sign on the manufacturer’s site of a guarantee of the use of ethoxyquin-free protein sources in the food (ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative commonly added to fish ingredients, and which is banned or heavily regulated in human food product due to the belief that it is carcinogenic).


The main grains in the food are Corn and wheat. Corn is a difficult to digest grain of limited value and that is commonly linked to allergy problems. In gluten meal form (7th ingredient) it is the dried residue from corn after the removal of the larger part of the starch and germ, and the separation of the bran by the process employed in the wet milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup, or by enzymatic treatment of the endosperm. In plain English, that bit of the corn remaining after most of the nutritious bits have been removed. Wheat, the other main grain, is believed by many to be the number one cause of food allergies. In their favour, these grains are at least in whole form at the top end of the ingredient list.


The fourth ingredient is chicken fat. We note that research at Purdue University has identified fat in the top four ingredients of dry foods as a factor increasing the risk of bloat in large breed dogs. Smaller breeds are untested. The food includes synthetic vitamin K, a substance linked to liver problems.


Beet pulp is another low quality ingredient and filler. It is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required.


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