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1 41808 Sun December 30, 2007
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No recommendations None indicated None indicated

Description: INGREDIENTS:
Chicken Meal, Ground Brown Rice, Chicken, Chicken Fat (preserved with Mixed Tocopherols and Ascorbyl Palmitate), Beet Pulp, Oat Groats, Fish Meal, Dried Egg Product, Chicken Cartilage (source of Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulfate), Flaxseed, Fish Oil, Natural Chicken Flavor, Lecithin, Dried Carrots, Dried Kelp, Potassium Chloride, Dried Blueberries, Peppermint, Dried Tomato, Rosemary, Dandelion, Salt, Yucca Schidigera Extract, Dried Lactobacillus acidophilus Fermentation Product, Dried Streptococcus faecium Fermentation Product, Dried Aspergillus oryzae Fermentation Extract, Dried Aspergillus niger Fermentation Extract, Choline Chloride, DL-Methionine, Ferrous Sulfate (source of Iron), Ascorbic Acid, Vitamin E Supplement, Zinc Sulfate, Manganese Sulfate, Biotin Supplement, Copper Sulfate, Vitamin A Supplement, Niacin, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Riboflavin Supplement (Vitamin B2), Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Thiamine Mononitrate (Vitamin B1), Vitamin D3 Supplement, Calcium Iodate (Source of Iodine), Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (source of Vitamin K activity), Folic Acid, Sodium Selenite (source of Selenium).

Choline 2207.91 mg/kg
Riboflavin (B2) 7.50 mg/kg
Thiamine (B1) 15.63 mg/kg
Niacin (B5) 75.65 mg/kg
Pyridoxine (B6) 4.76 mg/kg
Folic Acid 0.88 mg/kg
Pantothenic Acid (B3) 10.96 mg/kg
Biotin (H) 0.11 mg/kg
Cobalamine (B12) 112.52 mcg/kg
Vitamin A 18,367.65 IU/kg
Vitamin C 49.70 mg/kg
Vitamin D 815.85 IU/kg
Vitamin E 80.84 mg/kg
Vitamin K 768,64 mg/kg

Calcium 1.29%
Phosphorous 2.23%
Magnesium 0.09%
Sodium 0.93%
Potassium 1.32%
Chloride 0.45%
Iron 265.20 mg/kg
Zinc 119.11 mg/kg
Iodine 3.75 mg/kg
Copper 7.96 mg/kg
Manganese 11.88 mg/kg
Selenium 459.99 mg/kg

Guaranteed Analysis:
Crude Protein 28.00% (min)
Crude Fat 18.00% (min)
Crude Fiber 3.50% (max)
Moisture 10.00% (max)
Calcium (Ca) 1.20% (min)
Phosphorus (P) 1.00% (min)
Omega-6 Fatty Acids 3.65% (min)*
Omega-3 Fatty Acids 0.55% (min)*
Glucosamine 625 mg/lb (min)*
Chondroitin Sulfate 500 mg/kg (min)*

*Not recognized as an essential nutrient by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profile.


Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3953
Review Date: Sun December 30, 2007 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

Pros: First and third ingredients are named meat products
Cons: Insufficient meat content, controversial filler

The first ingredient in this food is a named meat product, in meal form. There is a second meat product 3rd on the ingredient list, but this is unlikely to make any significant contribution to the overall meat content of the food. It is chicken, inclusive of water content (about 80%). Once that is removed, as it must be to create a dehydrated product, the ingredient will weigh around 20% of its wet weight. Ingredients are listed in order of weight, and the dehydrated ingredient would probably be more accurately placed much further down the ingredient list.

There is a further meat meal ingredient 7th on the ingredient list. This is too far down to make any substantial contribution to the overall meat content of the food. We note it is a fish ingredient, but we find no sign on the manufacturer website of a guarantee that they use only ethoxyquin-free protein sources in the product (ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative commonly added to fish ingredients, but which is banned or heavily regulated in human food due to the belief that it is carcinogenic).

We note that chicken fat is the fourth ingredient in the food. Research at Purdue University has identified fat in the top four ingredients of a dry food as a factor increasing the risk of bloat in large breed dogs. Smaller breeds are untested.

The main grain in the food is rice, which is a good quality grain and good carbohydrate sources. Oat groats are a further good quality grain ingredient. Beet pulp is controversial filler which appears to be used in large quantities in this food. It is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required.

We would prefer to see the use of whole eggs rather than egg product in the food. The inclusion of a small range of fruit/vegetable matter is appreciated, as is the range of probiotics. We note that this product includes synthetic vitamin K, a substance linked to liver problems and that is progressively being removed from better quality dog food products.

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