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1 14145 Thu January 10, 2008
Recommended By Average Price Average Rating
No recommendations None indicated None indicated
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Description: Calorie Content: 3, 973 kcal/kg (438 kcal/cup) Calculated Metabolizable Energy.


Ingredients
Chicken by-product meal, whole grain ground corn, wheat flour, chicken fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols), beet pulp, egg product, flaxseed, natural chicken flavor, salmon oil (a source of DHA), fish meal, potassium chloride, salt, choline chloride, vitamin E supplement, iron proteinate, zinc proteinate, copper proteinate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, copper sulfate, potassium iodide, thiamine mononitrate, manganese proteinate, manganous oxide, ascorbic acid, vitamin A supplement, biotin, calcium pantothenate, manganese sulfate, sodium selenite, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), vitamin B12 supplement, riboflavin, vitamin D supplement, folic acid.


Guaranteed Analysis
Crude Protein 31.0% Minimum
Crude Fat 20.0% Minimum
Crude Fiber 3.0% Maximum
Moisture 10.0% Maximum
Calcium 1.2% Minimum
Phosphorus 1.2% Maximum
Phosphorus 1.0% Minimum
Omega-6 Fatty Acids * 3.3% Minimum
Omega-3 Fatty Acids * 0.5% Minimum
DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid) * 0.05% Minimum


* Not recognized as an essential nutrient by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profile.



Editors

Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3957
Review Date: Thu January 10, 2008 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

 
Pros:
Cons: Byproducts, low quality grains, controversial filler

The first ingredient in this food is byproducts. It is impossible to ascertain the quality of by-products and these are usually products that are of such low quality as to be rejected for use in the human food chain, or else are those parts that have so little value that they cannot be used elsewhere in either the human or pet food industries. The AAFCO definition of chicken by-product meal is a meal consisting of the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered chicken, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs and intestines, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidable in good processing practice. There is a further meat product in the food, fish meal, 10th on the ingredient list. We find no sign on the manufacturer's website of a guarantee that only ethoxyquin-free protein ingredients are used in this food (ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative, commonly added to fish ingredients, and that is banned or heavily regulated in human food due to the belief that it is carcinogenic).


The main grains in the food are corn and wheat. Corn is a difficult to digest grain of limited value in dog food. It is also commonly associated with allergy problems.Wheat is believed by many to be the leading cause of food allegy problems in dogs. Wheat flour (in dog food, commonly a byproduct of human food production) this is a grain fragment we consider primarily filler. We note that chicken fat is the fourth ingredient and that research at Purdue University has identified fat in the top four ingredients of dry foods as a factor increasing the risk of bloat in large breed dogs. Smaller breeds are untested.


Beet pulp is controversial filler which appears to be used in large quantities in this food. It is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required. We would prefer to see the use of whole eggs rather than egg product in the food.


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