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1 9222 Mon January 9, 2006
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No recommendations None indicated None indicated
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Description: Feeding guideline:
A 50lb dog should be fed 1 3/4 - 3 cups


Metabolizable Energy:
540 Calories per 8 oz. cup


Ingredients:
Chicken meal, chicken, brown rice, poultry fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols (a source of vitamin E), citric acid and rosemary extract), fish meal, brewers rice, oatmeal, beet pulp, digest of poultry, flax seed, tomato pomace, whole dried eggs, spray dried poultry liver digest, brewers yeast, sodium bentonite, potassium chloride, salt, chelated minerals (iron proteinate, zinc proteinate, copper proteinate, manganese proteinate, cobalt proteinate, magnesium proteinate, yeast fermentation solubles), choline chloride, dried saccharomyces fermentation solubles, (saccharomyces cerevisiae, enterococcus faecium, lactobacillus acidophilus, aspergillus niger, trichoderma longibrachiatum, bacillus subtillis), maltodextrins and fermentation solubles), vitamins (vitamin A acetate, vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin E supplement, niacin, pantothenic acid, thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin supplement, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin K activity), folic acid, biotin, vitamin B12 supplement), glucosamine hydrochloride, lecithin, vitamin C, methylsulfonyl methane, chondroitin sulfate, yucca schidigera extract, MSM, organic zinc


Crude Protein (Min) 32.0%
Crude Fat (Min) 21.0%
Crude Fiber (Max) 3.0%
Moisture (Max) 10.0%
*Omega 6 Fatty Acids (Min) 3.9%
*Omega 3 Fatty Acids (Min) 0.9%
*Glucosamine (Min) 550 PPM
*Chondroitin (Min) 200 PPM



Editors

Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3957
Review Date: Mon January 9, 2006 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

 
Pros: First two ingredients are named meat products, main grain is good quality.
Cons: Uses some low quality grains, fat of unidentifiable origin, controversial filler.

The first two ingredients are named meat products. The first of these is meat inclusive of its water content (about 80%) and once that is removed it is likely that this ingredient would be more accurately placed somewhat further down the ingredient list (ingredients are listed in order of weight). Note that this is an example of the practice of “splitting” (see note on main page), but since it is followed by a meat meal form, in this case it serves to increase our confidence in the amount of meat in the food.


There is a further meat meal ingredient 9th on the list, which helps to give us some confidence that the food contains an adequate amount of meat. This is a fish meal ingredient and we note that the manufacturer does not state the use of ethoxyquin-free sources (ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative commonly added to fish destined for meal, and is believed to be carcinogenic).


The main grain in the food is rice. Rice is a good quality grain, and a good source of carbohydrates and additional protein.


Poultry fat is an ingredient of unidentified origin for which it is impossible to determine source or quality. Unidentified ingredients are usually very low quality. AAFCO define this as obtained from the tissues of poultry in the commercial processes of rendering or extracting. It consists predominantly of glyceride esters of fatty acids and contains no additions of free fatty acids. If an antioxidant is used, the common name or names must be indicated, followed by the words "used as a preservative". We also note that fat in the top four ingredients of a dry dog food has been identified by research at Purdue University as being a factor that increases the risk of bloat in large breed dogs. Smaller breeds are untested.


Oatmeal is a good quality grain, but Brewers rice is a low quality grain and by-product. It is followed by brown rice, barley and oatmeal which are good quality grains and a good source of carbohydrates and additional protein.


Beet pulp is a filler and a controversial ingredient – it is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required. Tomato pomace is also filler.


Digest of poultry is yet another low quality ingredient. The AAFCO definition of animal digest is “material which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed animal tissue. Likewise, spray dried poultry liver digest is a low quality flavouring.


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