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1 31066 Thu August 17, 2006
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No recommendations None indicated None indicated

Description: Feeding guideline:
A 50lb dog should be fed 230 -380g / 1 3/4 - 2 3/4 cups

Calorific Content:
ME --- 4,530 kcal/kg

Chicken meal, whole grain corn, chicken fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols, citric acid and rosemary extract), whole grain rice, beet pulp (sugar removed), natural chicken flavor, whole ground flax, dicalcium phosphate, potassium chloride, choline chloride, yeast culture, inulin (FOS), mannanoligosaccharides (MOS), dried whole garlic, dried whole egg, lysine, yucca shidigera, glucosamine sulfate (powdered lobster shell) chondroitin sulfate (shark cartilage), lutein (marigold extract), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), vitamin A acetate, cholecalciferol (vitamin D), dl alpha tocopherol acetate (vitamin E), ferrous sulfate, *zinc bioplex, zinc oxide, niacin, calcium pantothenate, copper sulfate, *copper bioplex, manganous oxide, *manganese bioplex, riboflavin, calcium iodate, thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), folic acid, biotin, sodium selenite, menadione sodium bisulphite complex (vitamin K), vitamin B12. *chelated mineral

Guaranteed Analysis:
Protein (min.) --- 31.0%
Fat (min.) --- 22.0%
Fiber (max.) --- 3.0%
Moisture (max.) --- 10.0%
Calcium (min.) --- 1.5%
Phosphorus (min.) --- 1.2%
Omega-6 (min.) --- 2.75% *
Omega-3 (min.) --- 0.3% *
L-Carnitine (min.) --- 100 mg/kg *
Glucosamine (min.) --- 400 mg/kg *
Chondroitin (min) --- 230 mg/kg *
Viamin C (min.) --- 100 mg/kg *
Viamin E (min.) --- 200 IU/kg
Lutein (min.) --- 4 mg/kg *

* Not recognized as essential by AAFCO

Average Analysis:
Vitamin A --- 31 KIU/kg
Vitamin D --- 1.8 KIU/kg
Vitamin E --- 200 IU/kg
Vitamin K --- 1.9 mg/kg
Vitamin C --- 100 mg/kg
Vitamin B12 --- 0.4 mg/kg
Niacin --- 217.2 mg/kg
Pyridoxine --- 26.8 mg/kg
Choline --- 1921 mg/kg
Biotin --- 0.5 mg/kg
Folic Acid --- 3.0 mg/kg
Riboflavin --- 44.8 mg/kg
Pantothenic Acid --- 46.0 mg/kg
Beta Carotene --- 5.0 mg/kg
Thiamin --- 48.1 mg/kg

Arginine --- 2.67%
Methionine --- 0.9%
Histidine --- 0.68%
Cystine --- 0.70%
Isoleucine --- 1.2%
Threonine --- 0.81%
Leucine --- 2.3%
Tryptophan --- 0.33%
Lysine --- 2.0%
Valine --- 0.75%
Linoleic --- 2.75%
Linolenic --- 0.3%

Calcium --- 1.5%
Phosphorus --- 1.2%
Ca:P Ratio --- 1.3:1
Sodium --- 0.33%
Chloride --- 0.5%
Potassium --- 0.63%
Magnesium --- 0.09%
Ash --- 6.9%
Manganese --- 58 mg/kg
Iron --- 425 mg/kg
Copper --- 29 mg/kg
Cobalt --- 0.6 mg/kg
Zinc --- 450 mg/kg
Iodine --- 2.7 mg/kg
Selenium --- 0.42 mg/kg
Sulfur --- 0.3 mg/kg


Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3953
Review Date: Thu August 17, 2006 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

Pros: First ingredient is a named meat product.
Cons: insufficient meat content, use of controversial filler.

The first ingredient in the food is a named meat product in meal form. The next and main grain in the food is corn. The use of corn is a significant negative as it is difficult for dogs to digest and the cause of many allergy problems. We prefer the use of alternative products where grains are used.

It is a concern to see chicken fat is the third ingredient. Research at Purdue University has identified fat in the top four ingredients of a dry food as a factor increasing the risk of bloat in large breed dogs (smaller breeds are untested).

This is followed by whole grain rice and beet pulp. Beet pulp is controversial filler which appears to be used in large quantities in this food. It is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required.

We appreciate the inclusion of whole egg in the food, but retain concerns about its low apparent meat content.

Note that this food uses citric acid as a preservative and therefore should not be premoistened prior to feeding (a bloat risk factor).

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