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1 19192 Thu August 17, 2006
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No recommendations None indicated None indicated
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Description: Feeding guideline:
A 50lb dog should be fed 220-310g / 2 3/4 - 4 cups


Calorific content:
ME --- 4950 kcal/kg


Ingredients:
Chicken meal, chicken fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols, citric acid and rosemary extract), ground whole rice, fresh chicken meat, rice bran, beet pulp (sugar removed), salmon meal, natural chicken flavor, menhaden oil, psyllium, ground whole flax, yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation solubles), inulin (FOS), dried whole garlic, rosemary extract, dried whole egg, lysine, yucca shidigera extract, powdered lobster shell, shark cartilage, marigold extract, L-carnitine supplement. VITAMINS: dl alpha tocopherol acetate (vitamin E), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), biotin, d-calcium pantothenate, niacin, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), vitamin A acetate, cholecalciferol (vitamin D), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), thiamine mononitrate (vitamin B1), folic acid, menadione sodium bisulphite complex (vitamin K), vitamin B12. TRACE MINERALS: *iron BioplexTM, *zinc Bioplex, *copper Bioplex, *manganese Bioplex, calcium iodate. PROBIOTIC BACTERIA: lactobacillus acidophilus, bifidobacterium longum, lactobacillus plantarum, lactobaacillus salivarius enterococcous faecium. *chelated mineral


Guaranteed Analysis:
Protein (min.) --- 37.0%
Fat (min.) --- 25.0%
Fiber (max.) --- 2.5%
Moisture (max.) --- 10.0%
Calcium (min.) --- 1.3%
Phosphorus (min.) --- 1.2%
Omega-6 (min.) --- 3.0% *
Omega-3 (min.) --- 0.9% *
Glucosamine (min.) --- 800 mg/kg
Chondroitin (min) --- 230 mg/kg
Vitamin A (min.) --- 36000 IU/kg *
Vitamin E (min.) --- 400 IU/kg
L-Carnitine (min.) --- 250 mg/kg *
Lutein (min.) --- 150 mg/kg *
* Not recognized as essential by AAFCO


Average Analysis:
Vitamin A --- 36 KIU/kg
Vitamin D --- 2 KIU/kg
Vitamin E --- 400 IU/kg
Vitamin K --- 2.2 mg/kg
Vitamin C --- 50 mg/kg
Vitamin B12 --- 432 mg/kg
Niacin --- 266 mg/kg
Taurine --- 0.12%
Choline --- 2198 mg/kg
Biotin --- 0.6 mg/kg
Folic Acid --- 3.6 mg/kg
Riboflavin --- 48 mg/kg
Pantothenic Acid --- 42 mg/kg
Beta Carotene --- 2.8 mg/kg
Thiamin --- 56 mg/kg


Arginine --- 2.3%
Methionine --- 1.1%
Histidine --- 1.0%
Cystine --- 0.3%
Isoleucine --- 1.3%
Threonine --- 1.6%
Leucine --- 3.0%
Valine --- 1.7%
Lysine --- 2.3%
FATS
Linoleic --- 3.0%
Linolenic --- 0.9%


Calcium --- 1.3%
Phosphorus --- 1.2%
Ca:P Ratio --- 1:1
Sodium --- 0.4%
Chloride --- 0.6%
Potassium --- 0.8%
Magnesium --- 0.1%
Manganese --- 38 mg/kg
Iron --- 372 mg/kg
Copper --- 18 mg/kg
Cobalt --- 0.6 mg/kg
Zinc --- 224 mg/kg
Iodine --- 2.3 mg/kg
Selenium --- 0.5mg/kg



Editors

Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3957
Review Date: Thu August 17, 2006 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

 
Pros: First and fourth ingredients are named meat products.
Cons: Minimum acceptable meat content, use of controversial filler.

The first ingredient in the food is a named meat product in meal form. It is a concern to see chicken fat is the second ingredient. Research at Purdue University has identified fat in the top four ingredients of a dry food as a factor increasing the risk of bloat in large breed dogs (smaller breeds are untested).


This is followed by whole grain rice and chicken meat (though the latter is inclusive of water content, and unlikely to make up a significant proportion of the dry product). Rice bran is a grain fragment. There is a further meat meal ingredient (salmon) 7th on the ingredient list, but this is too far down to make a substantial contribution to the food. We note that the manufacturer does not claim to use Ethoxyquin-free ingredients (Ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative commonly added to fish meal ingredients, and which is believed to be carcinogenic).


Beet pulp is controversial filler which appears to be used in large quantities in this food. It is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required.


We appreciate the inclusion of whole egg and a range of vegetable ingredients in the food, but retain concerns about its low apparent meat content.


Note that this food uses citric acid as a preservative and therefore should not be premoistened prior to feeding (a bloat risk factor).


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