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1 17432 Sun December 31, 2006
Recommended By Average Price Average Rating
No recommendations None indicated None indicated

Description: Ingredients
Liver, Chicken By-Product Meal, Dried Egg Product, Fish Meal, Corn, Poultry Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Dried Blood Meal, Beet Pulp, Oat Flour, Brewers Rice, Flaxseed, Canola oil, Fish Oil (preserved with ethoxyquin),Wheat Germ Meal, Monocalcium Phosphate,Psyllium, Salt, Phosphoric Acid, Potassium Chloride, DL Methionine, Vitamin A, D3, E, B12 Supplements, Choline Chloride, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid, Ascorbic Acid, Riboflavin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyrodoxine Hydrochloride, Folic Acid, Menadione Sodium Bisulfate (source of Vitamin K activity), Biotin, Zinc Sulfate, Manganous Sulfate, Iron Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Cobalt Carbonate, Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide, Sorbic Acid, Sodium Selenite.

Guaranteed Analysis:
Crude Protein not less than 37%
Crude Fat not less than 25%
Crude Fiber not more than 3%
Moisture not more than 10%


Registered: October 2005
Posts: 3953
Review Date: Sun December 31, 2006 Would you recommend the product? No | Price you paid?: Not Indicated | Rating: 0 

Pros: First and fourth ingredients are named meat products.
Cons: Use of by-products, low quality grains, low quality fat of unidentifiable origin.

The first ingredient in this food is liver. This ingredient is inclusive of water content which, once removed as it must be to create a dry food, will leave this ingredient weighing around 20% of its wet weight. It is thus unlikely that this is the true first ingredient in the food. Being followed by other meat-related ingredients in meal form, this is not a great concern.

The second ingredient, however, despite being in meal form is by-products. It is impossible to ascertain the quality of by-products and these are usually products that are of such low quality as to be rejected for use in the human food chain, or else are those parts that have so little value that they cannot be used elsewhere in either the human or pet food industries. We recommend avoiding any pet food using such ingredients. The AAFCO definition of chicken by-product meal is “consists of the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered chicken, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs and intestines, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidable in good processing practice.” We would prefer to see the use of whole eggs rather than egg product in the food.

Fish meal is the main true meat meal ingredient, and is fourth on the ingredient list. We can find no sign of a guarantee on the manufacturers site that this ingredient is ethoxyquin-free (ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative commonly added to fish meals and that is banned from use in human food because it is believed to be carcinogenic).

The main grain in the food is corn. This is a difficult to digest grain that commonly causes allergy problems. It is followed by poultry fat, a further low quality ingredient for which it is impossible to determine the source. Unidentified ingredients are usually very low quality. AAFCO define this as "obtained from the tissues of poultry in the commercial processes of rendering or extracting. It consists predominantly of glyceride esters of fatty acids and contains no additions of free fatty acids. If an antioxidant is used, the common name or names must be indicated, followed by the words "used as a preservative".

Beet pulp is another controversial ingredient – it is a by-product, being dried residue from sugar beets which has been cleaned and extracted in the process of manufacturing sugar. It is a controversial ingredient in dog food, claimed by some manufacturers to be a good source of fibre, and derided by others as an ingredient added to slow down the transition of rancid animal fats and causing stress to kidney and liver in the process. We note that beet pulp is an ingredient that commonly causes problems for dogs, including allergies and ear infections, and prefer not to see it used in dog food. There are less controversial products around if additional fibre is required.

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